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date: 03 March 2024

Infrastructure: Water and Sewerslocked

Infrastructure: Water and Sewerslocked

  • Joel A. TarrJoel A. TarrDepartment of History, Carnegie Mellon University


Urban water supply and sewage disposal facilities are critical parts of the urban infrastructure. They have enabled cities and their metropolitan areas to function as centers of commerce, industry, entertainment, and human habitation. The evolution of water supply and sewage disposal systems in American cities from 1800 to 2015 is examined, with a focus on major turning points especially in regard to technological decisions, public policy, and environmental and public health issues.


  • Urban History
  • History of Science and Technology
  • Environmental History

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