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Teacher Unionism in the 20th-Century United States  

Adam Mertz

Since the turn of the 20th century, teachers have tried to find a balance between bettering their own career prospects as workers and educating their students as public servants. To reach ... More

The Teamsters and the American Working Class  

Robert Bussel

During the latter half of the 20th century, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) represented the labor organization most readily recognized by the American public. Rooted in ... More

Technology and the Environment  

Timothy James LeCain

Technology and environmental history are both relatively young disciplines among Americanists, and during their early years they developed as distinctly different and even antithetical ... More

Technology and US Foreign Relations  

Michael A. Krysko

Technology is ubiquitous in the history of US foreign relations. Throughout US history, technology has played an essential role in how a wide array of Americans have traveled to and from, ... More

Tecumseh and the Shawnee Resistance Movement  

Stephen Warren

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Described as a “chief among chiefs” by the British, and by his arch-rival, William Henry Harrison, as “one of those uncommon geniuses which spring up occasionally to produce revolutions ... More

Temperance and Prohibition  

H. Paul Thompson Jr.

Online publication date:
May 2017
The temperance and prohibition movement—a social reform movement that pursued many approaches to limit or prohibit the use and/or sale of alcoholic beverages—is arguably the ... More

The American City and Environmental Pollution  

Brian J. McCammack

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Urban areas have been the main source of pollution for centuries. The United States is no exception to this more general rule. Pollution of air, water, and soil only multiplied as cities ... More

The American Experience during World War I  

Ross A. Kennedy

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
World War I profoundly affected the United States. It led to an expansion of America’s permanent military establishment, a foreign policy focused on reforming world politics, and American ... More

The Counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s  

Blake Slonecker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
In the decade after 1965, radicals responded to the alienating features of America’s technocratic society by developing alternative cultures that emphasized authenticity, individualism, ... More

The Knights of Labor  

Matthew Hild

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, the Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor became the largest and most powerful labor organization that had ever existed in the United States by the ... More

The Long War on Drugs  

Anne L. Foster

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The beginning of modern war on drugs in the United States is commonly credited to President Richard Nixon, who evoked fears of crime, degenerate youth, and foreign drugs to garner support ... More

Theodore Roosevelt and US Foreign Relations  

John Thompson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Theodore Roosevelt played a seminal role in the rise of the United States to Great Power status at the turn of the 20th century and in debates about World War I and the League of Nations. ... More

The Rise of Chinese Food in the United States  

Yong Chen

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The “Chinese 49’ers” who arrived in the United States a decade before the American Civil War constituted the first large wave of Asian migrants to America and transplanted the first Asian ... More

The Socialist Party of America, 1900–1929  

Elizabeth McKillen

One of the pervasive myths about the United States is that it has never had a socialist movement comparable to other industrialized nations. Yet in the early 20th century a vibrant ... More

The Special Relationship: Anglo-U.S. Relations since 1776  

Ted R. Bromund

The Special Relationship is a term used to describe the close relations between the United States and the United Kingdom. It applies particularly to the governmental realms of foreign, ... More

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the Black Freedom Struggle of the 1960s  

Charles M. Payne

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The only youth-led national civil rights organization in the 1960s in the United States, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), grew out of sit-ins, with the base of its ... More

The United States and International Terrorism  

Mary S. Barton and David M. Wight

The US government’s perception of and response to international terrorism has undergone momentous shifts since first focusing on the issue in the early 20th century. The global rise of ... More

The United States Civil War in an Atlantic Context  

Don H. Doyle

America’s Civil War became part of a much larger international crisis as European powers, happy to see the experiment in self-government fail in America’s “Great Republic,” took advantage ... More

Thomas Jefferson and US Foreign Relations  

Francis D. Cogliano

Thomas Jefferson was a key architect of early American foreign policy. He had a clear vision of the place of the new republic in the world, which he articulated in a number of writings and ... More

Tourism in the History of U.S. Foreign Relations  

Blake C. Scott

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Tourism is so deep-seated in the history of U.S. foreign relations we seem to have taken its presence for granted. Millions of American tourists have traveled abroad, yet one can count ... More

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