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The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina  

Malinda Maynor Lowery

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The Lumbee tribe of North Carolina, including approximately 55,000 enrolled members, is the largest Indian community east of the Mississippi River. Lumbee history serves as a window into ... More

Lutherans in America  

Mark A. Granquist

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Lutherans are one branch of Protestant Christianity and have been in America for almost 400 years. Historically they have immigrated to America from Lutheran countries in Europe, ... More

McCarthyism and the Second Red Scare  

Landon R. Y. Storrs

The second Red Scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated American politics, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, during the opening phases of the Cold War ... More

Memorializing Incarceration: The Japanese American Experience in World War II and Beyond  

Franklin Odo

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the incarceration of 120,000 Japanese Americans, living primarily on the West Coast of the ... More

Mexican Immigration to the United States  

Ramón A. Gutiérrez

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The history of Mexican immigration to the United States is best characterized as the movement of unskilled, manual laborers pushed northward mostly by poverty and unemployment and pulled ... More

The Mexican Revolution  

Benjamin H. Johnson

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
When rebels captured the border city of Juárez, Mexico, in May 1911 and forced the abdication of President Porfirio Díaz shortly thereafter, they not only overthrew the western ... More

A Military History of the American Revolution, 1754–1783  

Stephen Conway

Online publication date:
Jan 2016
The military history of the American Revolution is more than the history of the War of Independence. The Revolution itself had important military causes. The experience of the Seven Years’ ... More

Military Strategy in the Civil War  

Wayne Wei-Siang Hsieh

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Despite the absence of a robust and well-articulated conception of strategy, American military and political leaders during the Civil War had an intuitive sense of how military operations ... More

Mormonism  

Matthew Bowman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The relationship between the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints—commonly called “Mormonism”—and the politics and culture of the United States is both contentious and intertwined. ... More

The Movement for Japanese American Redress  

Megan Asaka

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Japanese American Redress Movement refers to the various efforts of Japanese Americans from the 1940s to the 1980s to obtain restitution for their removal and confinement during World ... More

Municipal Housing in America  

Margaret Garb

Housing in America has long stood as a symbol of the nation’s political values and a measure of its economic health. In the 18th century, a farmhouse represented Thomas Jefferson’s ideal ... More

Muslims in America from the European Colonial Period to the Present  

Kambiz GhaneaBassiri

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The history of Muslims in America dates back to the transatlantic mercantile interactions between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Upon its arrival, Islam became entrenched in American ... More

The National Parks  

Donald Worster

The national parks of the United States have been one of the country’s most popular federal initiatives, and popular not only within the nation but across the globe. The first park was ... More

National Urban Renewal  

Christopher Klemek

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Urban renewal refers to an interlocking set of national and local policies, programs, and projects, implemented in the vast majority of American cities between 1949 and 1973. These ... More

Native Americans and Cities  

Nicolas G. Rosenthal

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
An important relationship has existed between Native Americans and cities from pre-Columbian times to the early 21st century. Long before Europeans arrived in the Americas, indigenous ... More

The New Deal  

Wendy L. Wall

The New Deal generally refers to a set of domestic policies implemented by the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in response to the crisis of the Great Depression. Propelled by ... More

New Women in Early 20th-Century America  

Einav Rabinovitch-Fox

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
In late 19th- and early 20th-century America, a new image of womanhood emerged that began to shape public views and understandings of women’s role in society. Identified by ... More

The Nixon Administration and American Foreign Policy  

Luke A. Nichter

Assessments of President Richard Nixon’s foreign policy continue to evolve as scholars tap new possibilities for research. Due to the long wait before national security records are ... More

The Northern Homefront  

Nicole Etcheson and Cortney Cantrell

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
During the Civil War, the entire North constituted the homefront, an area largely removed from the din and horror of combat. With a few exceptions of raids and battles such as Gettysburg, ... More

Nuclear Arms Control in U.S. Foreign Policy  

Jonathan Hunt

The development of military arms harnessing nuclear energy for mass destruction has inspired continual efforts to control them. Since 1945, the United States, the Soviet Union, the United ... More

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