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date: 07 October 2022

Côte d’Ivoire Shell Middens: Specificity and Evolutionlocked

Côte d’Ivoire Shell Middens: Specificity and Evolutionlocked

  • Siméon Kouassi, Siméon KouassiUniversité Félix Houphouët-Boigny Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Léon Fabrice LobaLéon Fabrice LobaUniversité Félix Houphouët-Boigny Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  •  and Ettien N'Doua EtienneEttien N'Doua EtienneUniversité Félix Houphouët Boigny Abidjan Cocody Côte d'Ivoire


The shell middens of Côte d’Ivoire span almost the entirety of the southern coastal zone of the country. Unearthed in the second half of the 1930s, they are sites of almost unparalleled preservation, providing a wealth of information about the lives of the area’s ancient inhabitants. While they are very often prey to pillaging, archaeological studies of these middens have enabled the exhumation of lithics, ceramics, metals, and burial remains that offer insight into the ideologies, social organizations, and health of the people that made them. Data recorded in geological reports, scientific publications, site explorations, ethnoarchaeological studies, surveys, and field excavations have highlighted the major characteristics of these shell middens. While invaluable as archaeological resources, their location and material value make them sensitive to encroaching urbanization and economic exploitation.


  • Archaeology

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