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date: 26 September 2022

Megalithism and Territoriality in Eastern Adamawa Plateaulocked

Megalithism and Territoriality in Eastern Adamawa Plateaulocked

  • Etienne ZangatoEtienne ZangatoUnité mixte de recherche 7055, French National Centre for Scientific Research


The megaliths of the northwestern part of the Central African Republic consist of monuments built with numerous large knapped stones crested on a mound. They appear at the beginning of the first millennium cal bc underlining a socioeconomic change that needs to be better characterized. During the following millennia, the archaeological record attests to an intensification of the building of monuments, together with a diversification of their form and function. Appendages such as funeral chambers begin to appear at this stage. These features have led scholars to explore the relationship of these monuments in the social dynamics and symbolic systems of their communities. The emergence of megalithism in a society marks major shifts in their cultural, economic, and political development, as the scale of these works requires significant coordination of materials and resources. In the Eastern Adamawa Plateau, these massive stoneworks allow the excavation and pinpointing of the development iron metallurgy, the diversification of funerary practices, the political development of villages and of the centers of ceramic production.


  • Archaeology
  • International and Indigenous Anthropology

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