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Letter from the editor

Ottoman Commercial History

"Founded around 1300 in the northwest of what is modern Turkey, the Ottoman state grew to become a massive empire that at its height incorporated much of eastern Europe, the Black Sea, Anatolia, the modern Arab states, and those along the Northern African coast with the exception of Morocco. ..." – By Kate Fleet

The Classical Silk Road: Trade and Connectivity across Central Asia, 100 BCE–1200 CE

"The Silk Road trade began with a noticeable increase in the movement of goods across Central Asia in the 1st century BCE. This uptick coincided with an extended period during which the Xiongnu peoples of the Mongolian grasslands and the Han dynasty fought to control the Tarim Basin. ..." – By Valerie Hansen

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