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Letter from the editor

Ottoman Commercial History

"Founded around 1300 in the northwest of what is modern Turkey, the Ottoman state grew to become a massive empire that at its height incorporated much of eastern Europe, the Black Sea, Anatolia, the modern Arab states, and those along the Northern African coast with the exception of Morocco. ..." – By Kate Fleet

Central Asia in the Soviet Command Economy

"The local and regional economy was at once Central Asian and at the same time exceptionally Soviet, combining local consumer tastes and traditional modes of production with Moscow’s continuous and continuously growing demands for productive growth. This made for a system that was functional, stable, and exceptionally messy. It was held together through a combination of cut corners, individual initiative and creativity..." – By Isaac Scarborough

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