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Beer and Whisky in Japanese Marketplaces  

Jeffrey W. Alexander

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan
Japan has a local, centuries-old tradition of brewing sake from rice and distilling spirits from ingredients such as grain and sweet potatoes, but pioneering entrepreneurs began producing ... More

Buddhist Culture in Early Modern Japan  

Nam-lin Hur

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Early Modern Japan, c. 1600-1868
Buddhist culture was most active and prosperous in early modern Japan (1600–1868). Buddhist temples were ubiquitous throughout the country, and no one was untouched by Buddhism. Buddhist ... More

Ethnic Groups of Manchuria  

Juha Janhunen

Ethnic groups of the geographical region of Manchuria can be understood in relation to their cultural, demographic, and linguistic differences and similarities; historical formation; and ... More

Feminism in Japan  

Barbara Molony

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Gender, Japan
Japan’s first movement for civil rights emerged in the 1870s, and a small number of women were part of it. Women’s legal status was significantly inferior to men’s in the pre–World War II ... More

Financial History of Japan in Global Context, 19th and 20th Centuries  

Michael Schiltz

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Japan’s experience with modern capitalism and finance is characterized by a remarkable combination of shocks and adaptation. After being steamrolled by Western institutions and financial ... More

The History of Motorization in Japan  

Susan Townsend

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. In ... More

Japanese Diasporas and Coffee Production  

Mariko Iijima

Between the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, the Japanese Empire experienced outflows of its people to both its own colonies and foreign countries that were mainly ... More

Japanese Empire and Pan-Asianism  

Sven Saaler

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Japanese colonial empire was composed of territories adjacent to the Japanese archipelago, ranging from Southern Sakhalin in the north to Taiwan in the south. Unlike most European ... More

Japanese Empire in Hokkaido  

Philip Seaton

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The temporal span of the Japanese Empire is most commonly given as 1895–1945, from the acquisition of Taiwan following Japan’s victory in the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan’s defeat in ... More

Japanese Empire in Manchuria  

Emer O'Dwyer

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Political
China’s three northeastern provinces (Fengtian, Heilongjiang, and Jilin) were transfigured by Japanese imperialism in the opening decades of the 20th century. South Manchuria and the ... More

Japanese Empire in Taiwan  

Paul D. Barclay

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Imperial Japan, 1905-45, Military
On April 17, 1895, the Qing dynasty ceded the province of Taiwan to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, ending the Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895). Thereafter, Taiwan was governed as a colony ... More

Japanese Pirates and the East Asian Maritime World, 1200–1600  

Peter D. Shapinsky

Historians translate a variety of terms from 13th- through 17th-century Japan, China, Korea, and Europe as “Japanese pirates” (e.g., Jp. kaizoku, Kr. waegu, Ch. wokou). These constructs ... More

Japanese Territorial Disputes and the Legacy of Empire  

Alexis Dudden

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Contemporary Japan since 1990s
Japan has territorial disputes with each of its international neighbors in the form of sovereignty contests over small islands that are shards of its once vast 20th-century empire. Recently ... More

Mapping of the Maritime Boundaries at Japan’s Northern Edge in the 19th Century  

Edward Boyle

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Japan defined its northern edge against Russia over the course of the 19th century. In earlier periods, an area and people known as Ezo marked the northern edge of Japanese state and ... More

Maps of the World in Early Modern Japan  

Radu Leca

Since the world in its entirety cannot be grasped through direct experience, world maps are mental constructs that serve as a radiography of a given culture’s attitudes towards its ... More

Meiji Revolution  

Hiroshi Mitani

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Meiji Japan, 1868-1912
The Meiji Revolution (1853–1890) transformed Japan from a double-headed federation state with hereditary status system into a unitary monarchy that afforded greater rights and freedoms to ... More

Nanjing Massacre  

Daqing Yang

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Also known as the “Rape of Nanjing,” Nanjing Massacre refers to the mass killings of disarmed Chinese soldiers and civilians, as well as other atrocities such as rape and looting, committed ... More

Political Cartography in the Tokugawa Period  

Fumiko Sugimoto

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Japan, Early Modern Japan, c. 1600-1868, Political
When the coalition government composed of the Tokugawa shoguns and daimyō set about to give visual expression to the entire territory under its rule, it chose to produce enormous hand-drawn ... More

Trade in Gold and Silver: The Yokohama Specie Bank  

Michael Schiltz

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Although the political and military aspects of Japanese imperialism have received ample attention from historians, other dimensions of the country’s expansionist experiment with total war ... More

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