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Colonial Contractions: The Making of the Modern Philippines, 1565–1946  

Vicente L. Rafael

Published Online:
Jun 2018
The origins of the Philippine nation-state can be traced to the overlapping histories of three empires that swept onto its shores: the Spanish, the North American, and the Japanese. This ... More

Connectivity across the Bay of Bengal in the 19th and 20th Centuries  

Jayati Bhattacharya

Published Online:
Jun 2019
The Bay of Bengal has had long history of commercial and cultural circulation across its maritime space, a lesser-studied region in the emerging discourse of Indian Ocean Studies, and ... More

The Creation of Pakistan  

Ayesha Jalal

Published Online:
Nov 2017
The All-India Muslim League first voiced the demand for a Muslim homeland based on India’s northwestern and northeastern provinces in March 1940. Seven years later at the moment of British ... More

Cultural Citizenship and Modernity in the Netherlands Indies  

Henk Schulte Nordholt

Published Online:
Apr 2018
By exclusively focusing on the agency of the Dutch, colonial historiography ignored the pivotal role of indigenous middle classes in sustaining the colonial regime. Conventional ... More

Empire and Historiography in Southwest China  

John Herman

Published Online:
Mar 2018
Although frontier studies enjoy a long and robust history in China, a disproportionate amount of attention has focused on North China and its relations with Central and Northeast Asia, ... More

Indonesia’s Colonial Sugar Industry  

Roger Knight

Colonial Indonesia’s sugar industry, developed under Dutch and Sino-Indonesian auspices over a period of almost three centuries, beginning c. 1650, evolved into one which exhibited a ... More

Islam in Southeast Asia to c. 1800  

R. Michael Feener

Southeast Asia has been a historical crossroads of major world civilizations for nearly two millennia. Muslim traders were sojourning along the shores of the Indonesian archipelago from at ... More

Port Cities and Islamic Insurgency across Southeast Asia, 1850–1913  

Joshua Gedacht

Port cities have long played a critical role in the circulation of peoples, commodities, and ideas within and across the maritime spaces of Southeast Asia. Although an indelible component ... More

Modern Cambodia Since 1863  

John Tully

Published Online:
Dec 2017
Modern Cambodian history begins with the creation of the French Protectorate in 1863. Until the 15th century, Cambodia was a regional great power, but by the late 18th it faced extinction ... More

The Regional Centrality of Vietnam’s Central Highlands  

Oscar Salemink

Published Online:
Feb 2018
Vietnam’s Central Highlands—or Tây Nguyên—area is usually described as remote, backward, and primitive, but this region has played a central role in the history of the surrounding states ... More

Religious Transitions in Twentieth Century Southeast Asia  

Robert L. Winzeler

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Rohingya: The History of a Muslim Identity in Myanmar  

Jacques Leider

Published Online:
May 2018
The name Rohingya denotes an ethnoreligious identity of Muslims in North Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly Burma). The term became part of public discourse in the late 1950s and spread ... More

Ships and Shipping in Southeast Asia  

Pierre-Yves Manguin

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Southeast Asian polities were destined to play an active role in the world economy because of their location at the crossroads of East Asian maritime routes and their richness in ... More

Ships, Shipwrecks, and Archaeological Recoveries as Sources of Southeast Asian History  

Derek Heng

Published Online:
Sep 2018
Ships form a critical component of the study of Southeast Asia’s interaction both within itself as well as with the major centers of Asia and the West. Shipwreck data, accrued from ... More

Warfare in Premodern Southeast Asia  

Michael W. Charney

Published Online:
Apr 2018
Warfare in premodern Southeast Asia, roughly that fought up until the end of the 19th century, was shaped by the environment across the region. Maritime trade connections brought the ... More

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