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Pashtuns  

Robert Nichols

With an estimated thirty million or more in Pakistan, twelve million in Afghanistan, and perhaps a million or more in a global diaspora, Pashtuns or Pukhtuns comprise a complex ... More

The Peopling of Madagascar  

Atholl Anderson

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Since the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century the observed ethnic complexity of the Malagasy, the Madagascan people, has been a subject of conjecture in several respects. When did ... More

The Population History of Asia  

Tim Dyson

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
When composed of hunter-gatherers, Asia’s population numbered perhaps 1–2 million. But the emergence of agriculture saw population growth, and it appears likely that by 1 CE the ... More

Power and Trade between Qing China and Chosŏn Korea  

Nianshen Song

Scholars often regard the Qing-Korean relationship as the most representative instance of the so-called tributary system, the Sino-centric hierarchical world order in early modern East ... More

Print Culture and the Circulation of Knowledge in Imperial China  

Lucille Chia

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Progressive Writers Association  

Maia Ramnath

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Progressive Writers Association (PWA) was founded in the mid-1930s by a group of South Asian leftist intellectuals who moved between metropolitan and colonial contexts. Announcing ... More

Protestant Christianity in Modern Korea  

Sean C. Kim

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
Korea, Religion
Korea is the only Asian nation with a significant Protestant presence. One in five South Koreans professes the faith. With more than eight and a half million believers, Protestantism as an ... More

Publishing and Popular Literature in Imperial China  

Cynthia Brokaw

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Although popular literature circulated in manuscript from very early in Chinese history, the invention of woodblock printing or xylography in the 7th century greatly facilitated the ... More

The Regional Centrality of Vietnam’s Central Highlands  

Oscar Salemink

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Vietnam’s Central Highlands—or Tây Nguyên—area is usually described as remote, backward, and primitive, but this region has played a central role in the history of the surrounding states ... More

Religious Transitions in Twentieth Century Southeast Asia  

Robert L. Winzeler

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Rohingya: The History of a Muslim Identity in Myanmar  

Jacques Leider

Online publication date:
May 2018
The name Rohingya denotes an ethnoreligious identity of Muslims in North Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly Burma). The term became part of public discourse in the late 1950s and spread ... More

Russia in Asia  

Alfred J. Rieber

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Throughout Russian history, domestic and foreign observers have sought to define the similarities and differences between Russia and Asia, combining symbolic and physical geographies, ... More

Russian Orientalism  

Michael Kemper

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This entry discusses the manifestations of Orientalism in Russian Orientology (Oriental studies), as the broad umbrella discipline that studies Russia’s own Islamic heritage and Muslim ... More

Sayyid Ahmad Khan  

David Lelyveld

The lifetime of Sayyid Ahmad Khan (“Sir Syed”) (1817–1898) spans profound transformations introduced to India and the wider world by the twin forces industrial capitalism and British ... More

Schools and Learning in Imperial China  

Linda Walton

From the consolidation of the Han empire (206 bce–220 ce) through the collapse of the Qing (1644–1911), ideas about education associated with Confucius (c. 551–479 bce) and his followers ... More

Science, Technology, and Religion in Chosŏn Korea  

Don Baker

During the 518 years of Korea’s Chosŏn dynasty (1392–1910), many things changed and many things stayed the same. After the Yi family established the Chosŏn dynasty, Confucianism became the ... More

Ships and Shipping in Southeast Asia  

Pierre-Yves Manguin

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Southeast Asian polities were destined to play an active role in the world economy because of their location at the crossroads of East Asian maritime routes and their richness in ... More

Ships, Shipwrecks, and Archaeological Recoveries as Sources of Southeast Asian History  

Derek Heng

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Ships form a critical component of the study of Southeast Asia’s interaction both within itself as well as with the major centers of Asia and the West. Shipwreck data, accrued from ... More

Slavery in Islamic Central Asia  

Jeff Eden

Online publication date:
May 2019
By the late 19th century, when much of Islamic Central Asia was conquered by the Russian Empire, the region was home to tens of thousands of slaves. Most of these slaves were Shiʿa Muslims ... More

South Asia in the Great Divergence Debate  

Kaveh Yazdani

Since the seminal publication of Kenneth Pomeranz’s The Great Divergence (2000), there has been a continuing upsurge of writings on the possible reasons behind the rise of the West from a ... More

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