The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History is now available via subscription on April 26. Visit About to learn more, meet the editorial board, learn about subscriber services.

Dismiss

You are looking at  1-20 of 27 articles

  • Article Type: Full Article x

View:

Asia in the Gunpowder Revolution  

Scott C. Levi

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Contrary to long-held notions that gunpowder weapons technologies were devised in the West and gradually transmitted eastward into Asia, more recent scholarship indicates that innovations ... More

Asian Indentured Labor in the 19th and Early 20th Century Colonial Plantation World  

Richard B. Allen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The period between the mid-1830s and early 1920s witnessed the migration of some 3.7 million Africans, Chinese, Indians, Japanese, Melanesians, and other peoples throughout and beyond the ... More

Asian Piracy  

Sebastian R. Prange

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Piracy has been an important and persistent feature of Asia’s maritime history. In fact, the largest pirate organizations in all of history were found in Asia. Although often regarded as ... More

Christianity in Asia  

Barbara Watson Andaya

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The 21st century has often been touted as the “Asian century,” largely because of the remarkable resurgence of China as an economic power. There are nonetheless other developments afoot, ... More

Colonial Contractions: The Making of the Modern Philippines, 1565–1946  

Vicente L. Rafael

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The origins of the Philippine nation-state can be traced to the overlapping histories of three empires that swept onto its shores: the Spanish, the North American, and the Japanese. This ... More

The Expansion of the Qing Dynasty of China and the Zunghar Mongol State  

Peter Perdue

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The Manchus, a powerful military state in northeast Eurasia, declared the founding of the Qing dynasty in the early 17th century. They conquered Beijing in 1644, and the core of Ming China ... More

Feminism in Japan  

Barbara Molony

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Gender, Japan
Japan’s first movement for civil rights emerged in the 1870s, and a small number of women were part of it. Women’s legal status was significantly inferior to men’s in the pre–World War II ... More

The Ilkhanate: Mongol Rule in Medieval Western Asia, 1256–1335  

George Lane

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Despite enduring years of adverse and highly critical propaganda and entrenched negative attitudes from both the scholarly world and the general public, the Mongols and successors of ... More

India’s Middle Class  

Sanjay Joshi

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The category “middle class” can refer to quite different social entities. In the United States, it is often used as a synonym for “ordinary folk.” In the United Kingdom it references an ... More

Islam in Southeast Asia to c. 1800  

R. Michael Feener

Southeast Asia has been a historical crossroads of major world civilizations for nearly two millennia. Muslim traders were sojourning along the shores of the Indonesian archipelago from at ... More

Japanese Empire in Manchuria  

Emer O'Dwyer

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Japan, Political
China’s three northeastern provinces (Fengtian, Heilongjiang, and Jilin) were transfigured by Japanese imperialism in the opening decades of the 20th century. South Manchuria and the ... More

Kashmir: From Princely State to Insurgency  

Mridu Rai

Paradise lost, on fire, or on a river of hell: purple prose abounds in descriptions of Kashmir today. But in this instance, the hyperbole may be alarmingly close to reality. Since ... More

Modern Hong Kong  

Steve Tsang

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Hong Kong entered its modern era when it became a British overseas territory in 1841. In its early years as a Crown Colony, it suffered from corruption and racial segregation but grew ... More

Modern Saudi Arabia  

Fred Lawson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Subject:
Middle East
Modern Saudi Arabia emerged in the 1920s as the successor to a collection of local political entities on the Arabian peninsula, whose histories are only starting to be investigated. ... More

Origins of British India  

Tirthankar Roy

The origin of British India can be traced to warfare in 18th-century Europe and India, trade-related conflicts and disputes, and the East India Company’s business model. The state that ... More

The Ottoman Empire and the Indian Ocean  

A. C. S. Peacock

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
With its conquest of the Arab lands in the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire (1300–1923) came to control some of the major entrepots of the Indian Ocean trade in the west. This expansion, ... More

Rohingya: The History of a Muslim Identity in Myanmar  

Jacques Leider

Online publication date:
May 2018
The name Rohingya denotes an ethnoreligious identity of Muslims in North Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly Burma). The term became part of public discourse in the late 1950s and spread ... More

Russia in Asia  

Alfred J. Rieber

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Throughout Russian history, domestic and foreign observers have sought to define the similarities and differences between Russia and Asia, combining symbolic and physical geographies, ... More

Russian Orientalism  

Michael Kemper

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This entry discusses the manifestations of Orientalism in Russian Orientology (Oriental studies), as the broad umbrella discipline that studies Russia’s own Islamic heritage and Muslim ... More

South Korea’s Economic Development, 1948–1996  

Michael J. Seth

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
At its independence in 1948, South Korea was an impoverished, predominately agricultural state, and most of the industry and electrical power was in North Korea. It faced a devastating war ... More

View: