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Earth, Water, Air, and Fire: Toward an Ecological History of Premodern Inner Eurasia  

John L. Brooke and Henry Misa

The histories of humanity and nature are deeply entangled across Inner Eurasia. Great expanses of steppe and mountain connected peoples at the far ends of the landmass and sustained unique ... More

Environmental Change and Chinese Empire  

David A. Bello

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Agriculture—especially grain cultivation—informed the primary environmental ground of imperial China (221 to 1912 ce) and was ideally intended to produce human habitat from state-supervised ... More

Famine in Imperial and Modern China  

Kathryn Edgerton-Tarpley

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Famines have played an important role in China’s history. Because the Confucian classics interpreted natural disasters as warnings from Heaven, in ancient and imperial China feeding the ... More

Indonesia’s Colonial Sugar Industry  

Roger Knight

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Colonial Indonesia’s sugar industry, developed under Dutch and Sino-Indonesian auspices over a period of almost three centuries, beginning c. 1650, evolved into one which exhibited a unique ... More

Land and Water in Tsarist and Early Soviet Central Asia  

Beatrice Penati

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Precipitation and elevation shape land and water usage in Central Asia, distinguishing the southern irrigated oases from the steppes, deserts, and prairies, where instead nomadic ... More

Nomads and the State in Soviet Kazakhstan  

Niccolò Pianciola

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
After the military conquest of the Kazakh Steppe in 1920, Russian and Kazakh Bolsheviks implemented policies of hard decolonization (1921–1922): tens of thousands of Slavic settlers were ... More

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