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Abstract Nouns in the Romance Languages  

Philipp Burdy

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Accent in Japanese Phonology  

Haruo Kubozono

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The word accent system of Tokyo Japanese might look quite complex with a number of accent patterns and rules. However, recent research has shown that it is not as complex as has been ... More

Acceptability Judgments  

James Myers

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in ... More

The Acquisition of Clitics in the Romance Languages  

Anna Gavarró

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The Romance languages are characterized by the existence of pronominal clitics. Third person pronominal clitics are often, but not always, homophonous with the definite determiner series in ... More

The Acquisition of Color Words  

Katie Wagner and David Barner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light ... More

Acquisition of Pragmatics  

Myrto Grigoroglou and Anna Papafragou

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
To become competent communicators, children need to learn that what a speaker means often goes beyond the literal meaning of what the speaker says. The acquisition of pragmatics as a field ... More

The Acquisition of Word-Formation in the Romance Languages  

Eve V. Clark

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Several factors influence children’s initial choices of word-formation options––simplicity of form, transparency of meaning, and productivity in current adult speech. The coining of new ... More

Adjectivalization in Morphology  

Petra Sleeman

Online publication date:
May 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Adjectivalization is the derivation of adjectives from a verb, a noun, an adjective, and occasionally from other parts of speech or from phrases. Cross-linguistically, adjectivalization ... More

African Englishes From a Sociolinguistic Perspective  

Rajend Mesthrie

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Four types of English exist in Africa, identifiable in terms of history, functions, and linguistic characteristics. West African Pidgin English has a history going back to the 15th century, ... More

African (Urban) Youth Languages  

Ellen Hurst

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
A growing phenomena in urban centers on the African continent in the latter half of the 20th century and start of the 21st century has been what have been described as Urban Youth ... More

Afroasiatic Languages  

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Afroasiatic languages are the fourth largest linguistic phylum, spoken by some 350 million people in North, West, Central, and East Africa, in the Middle East, and in scattered communities ... More

Altaic Languages  

George Starostin

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
“Altaic” is a common term applied by linguists to a number of language families, spread across Central Asia and the Far East and sharing a large, most likely non-coincidental, number of ... More

American Descriptivist Morphology in the 1950s  

John Goldsmith

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The American descriptivist movement includes the work of Edward Sapir, Leonard Bloomfield, and their students, including Zellig Harris, Charles Hockett, and Kenneth Pike. Their work on ... More

American Structuralism  

Margaret Thomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
American structuralism is a label attached to a heterogeneous but distinctive style of language scholarship practiced in the United States, the heyday of which extended from ... More

Analogy in Morphology  

David Fertig

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Analogy is traditionally regarded as one of the three main factors responsible for language change, along with sound change and borrowing. Whereas sound change is understood to be ... More

Anaphora in Dravidian  

K. A. Jayaseelan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The Dravidian languages have a long-distance reflexive anaphor taan . (It is taan in Tamil and Malayalam, taanu in Kannada and tanu in Telugu.) As is the case with ... More

Aphasia from a Neurolinguistic Perspective  

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Aphasia is an acquired language disorder subsequent to brain damage in the left hemisphere. It is characterized by diminished abilities to produce and understand both spoken and written ... More

Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed by ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Argument Structure and Morphology  

Jim Wood and Neil Myler

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The topic “argument structure and morphology” refers to the interaction between the number and nature of the arguments taken by a given predicate on the one hand, and the morphological ... More

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