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Adiabatic Quantum Computing  

Erica Grant and Travis Humble

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics. Please check back later for the full article. Adiabatic ... More

The Economics of Physics: The Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Large Research Infrastructures  

Massimo Florio and Chiara Pancotti

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics. Please check back later for the full article. In ... More

The Evolution of Public Funding of Science in the United States From World War II to the Present  

Kei Koizumi

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
Large-scale U.S. government support of scientific research began in World War II with physics, and rapidly expanded in the postwar era to contribute strongly to the United States’ emergence ... More

Magnetohydrodynamic Equilibria  

Thomas Wiegelmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
Magnetohydrodynamic equilibria are time-independent solutions of the full magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations. An important class are static equilibria without plasma flow. They are ... More

Magnetohydrodynamic Reconnection  

D. I. Pontin

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
Magnetic reconnection is a fundamental process that is important for the dynamical evolution of highly conducting plasmas throughout the Universe. In such highly conducting plasmas the ... More

Physics-to-Technology Partnerships in the Semiconductor Industry  

Robert Doering

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
The development of physics over the past few centuries has increasingly enabled the development of numerous technologies that have revolutionized society. In the 17th century, Newton built ... More

Quantum Bit Modalities/Architectures  

Cornelius Hempel

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics. Please check back later for the full article. The theory ... More

Quantum Characterization, Verification, and Validation  

Joel Wallman, Steven Flammia, and Ian Hincks

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics. Please check back later for the full article. Quantum ... More

Solar Chromosphere  

Shahin Jafarzadeh

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics. Please check back later for the full article. The solar ... More

Solar Dynamo  

Robert Cameron

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
The solar dynamo is the action of flows inside the Sun to maintain its magnetic field against Ohmic decay. On small scales the magnetic field is seen at the solar surface as a ubiquitous ... More

Solar Flares  

Dana Longcope

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
A solar flare is a transient increase in solar brightness powered by the release of magnetic energy stored in the Sun’s corona. Flares are observed in all wavelengths of the electromagnetic ... More

Solar Photosphere  

L. P. Chitta, H. N. Smitha, and S. K. Solanki

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
The Sun is a G2V star with an effective temperature of 5780 K. As the nearest star to Earth and the biggest object in the solar system, it serves as a reference for fundamental astronomical ... More

Solar-Wind Origin  

Steven R. Cranmer

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
The Sun continuously expels a fraction of its own mass in the form of a steadily accelerating outflow of ionized gas called the “solar wind.” The solar wind is the extension of the Sun’s ... More

Solar-Wind Structure  

Mathew Owens

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Physics
The hot solar atmosphere continually expands out into space to form the solar wind, which drags with it the Sun’s magnetic field. This creates a cavity in the interstellar medium, extending ... More

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