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Letter from the editor

Open Innovation

"In his 2003 book, Open Innovation, Chesbrough made the argument that times have changed. The way that firms had been creating and commercializing new technology for over a century would no longer suffice. Under the “closed innovation” model, firms relied on their own research and resources to produce new or improved products and services. ..." – By Jennifer Kuan

Platformizing Organizations: A Synthesis of the Literature

"Digital platforms represent the use of various application programming interfaces (APIs) built over the technology and business foundations. In general, digital platforms represent digital foundations along with the business strategies and processes that enable greater interactions between providers and consumers. ..." – By Pankaj Setia, Franck Sohand, and Kailing Deng

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