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Social Capital and Founder, Team, and Firm Networks in Entrepreneurship  

Ha Hoang

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Entrepreneurial activity is facilitated by the ties that connect founders and their venture to a broader network of actors. This insight on the value of social capital has been enriched by ... More

Social Movements and Their Impact on Business and Management  

Sarah A. Soule

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Do the activities of social movements (e.g., public protest, shareholder activism, boycotts, and sabotage) impact businesses, and if so, how do they impact businesses? When confronted by ... More

Social Norms in Organizations  

Jennifer E. Dannals and Dale T. Miller

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Social norms are a powerful force in organizations. While different literatures across fields have developed differing definitions and categories, social norms are commonly defined as and ... More

Socioemotional Aspects of Entrepreneurship for the Classroom  

Alexander Bolinger and Mark Bolinger

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
There is currently great enthusiasm for entrepreneurship education and the economic benefits that entrepreneurial activity can generate for individuals, organizations, and communities. ... More

Sources of Knowledge in Firms  

Hugo Pinto and Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Stereotypes at Work  

Katina Sawyer and Judith A. Clair

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Stereotypes are a central concern in society and in the workplace. Stereotypes are cognitions that drive what individuals know, believe, and expect from others as a result of their social ... More

Strategic Decision-Making in Business  

Bill Wooldridge and Birton Cowden

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Scholarly interest in how managers make strategic decisions dates from the inception of the strategic management field and continues in the present. Although such decision-making was ... More

Strategic Flexibility and Competitive Advantage  

Kathryn Rudie Harrigan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Concerns regarding strategic flexibility arose from companies’ need to survive excess capacity and flagging sales in the face of previously unforeseen competitive conditions. Strategic ... More

Strategic Groups in Business  

Briance Mascarenhas and Megan Mascarenhas

Online publication date:
May 2019
A strategic group is defined as a set of firms within an industry pursuing a similar strategy. The strategic group concept emerged with much promise over 40 years ago. Research on strategic ... More

Strategic Planning in the Public Sector  

John Bryson and Lauren Hamilton Edwards

Strategic planning has become a fairly routine and common practice at all levels of government in the United States and elsewhere. It can be part of the broader practice of strategic ... More

The Swiss Watch Industry  

Pierre-Yves Donzé

The Swiss watch industry has enjoyed uncontested domination of the global market for more than two decades. Despite high costs and high wages, Switzerland is the home of most of the largest ... More

Tracking the Entrepreneurial Process with the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) Protocol  

Paul D. Reynolds

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
In the early 1990s business creation was receiving a great deal of attention after it was clear that new firms were a major source of job creation. There was not, however, reliable data on ... More

Transaction Cost Economics as a Theory of the Firm, Management, and Governance  

Mikko Ketokivi and Joseph T. Mahoney

Which components should a manufacturing firm make in-house, which should it co-produce, and which should it outsource? Who should sit on the firm’s board of directors? What is the right ... More

University Technology Commercialization  

Kathleen R. Allen

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For decades researchers have studied various aspects of the technology transfer and commercialization process in universities in hopes of discovering effective methods for enabling more ... More

User Innovation  

Nikolaus Franke and Christian Lüthje

Users of products and services, be they user firms or consumers, frequently develop innovations for their own benefit. Such user innovation is a long-existing phenomenon, but it has gained ... More

Values, Other-Interest, and Ethical Behavior: The Critical Role of Moral Emotions  

Jason Kautz, M. Audrey Korsgaard, and Sophia So Young Jeong

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Organizations and their agents regularly face ethical challenges as the interests of various constituents compete and conflict. The theory of other-orientation provides a useful framework ... More

Vertical Integration and the Theory of the Firm  

Jongwook Kim

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
How do firms organize economic transactions? This question can be thought of as a question of firm boundaries or as a decision about a firm’s scope, encompassing the choice along a ... More

Whistleblowing and Whistleblowers  

Niamh M. Brennan

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Subject:
Ethics
Whistleblowing (also called good faith reporting, anonymous reporting, protected disclosure) is growing in importance as a corporate governance mechanism. It is increasingly recognized as a ... More

Whiteness in Organizations: From White Supremacy to Allyship  

Donna Chrobot-Mason, Kristen Campbell, and Tyra Vason

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Many whites do not identify with a racial group. They think very little about their own race and the consequences of being born into the dominant racial group. They do not think much about ... More

Women in the Upper Echelons: Women on Corporate Boards and in Top Management Teams  

Jihae You, Siri Terjesen, and Diana Bilimoria

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
In light of the growing number of women in the upper echelons, it is necessary to integrate and synthesize research on women at the top of corporations. The extant literature occurs in ... More

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