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date: 26 September 2022

Social Network Analysis in Organizationslocked

Social Network Analysis in Organizationslocked

  • Jessica R. Methot, Jessica R. MethotSchool of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University; Exeter Business School, University of Exeter
  • Nazifa ZamanNazifa ZamanSchool of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University
  •  and Hanbo ShimHanbo ShimSchool of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University

Summary

A social network is a set of actors—that is, any discrete entity in a network, such as a person, team, organization, place, or collective social unit—and the ties connecting them—that is, some type of relationship, exchange, or interaction between actors that serves as a conduit through which resources such as information, trust, goodwill, advice, and support flow. Social network analysis (SNA) is the use of graph-theoretic and matrix algebraic techniques to study the social structure, interactions, and strategic positions of actors in social networks. As a methodological tool, SNA allows scholars to visualize and analyze webs of ties to pinpoint the composition, content, and structure of organizational networks, as well as to identify their origins and dynamics, and then link these features to actors’ attitudes and behaviors. Social network analysis is a valuable and unique lens for management research; there has been a marked shift toward the use of social network analysis to understand a host of organizational phenomena. To this end, organizational network analysis (ONA) is centered on how employees, groups, and organizations are connected and how these connections provide a quantifiable return on human capital investments. Although criticisms have traditionally been leveled against social network analysis, the foundations of network science have a rich history, and ONA has evolved into a well-established paradigm and a modern-day trend in management research and practice.

Subjects

  • Human Resource Management
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Research Methods

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