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date: 29 February 2024

Cestius Gallus, Gaius, suffect consul, 42 CElocked

Cestius Gallus, Gaius, suffect consul, 42 CElocked

  • Nadav Sharon


C. Cestius Gallus (d. 67 ce) is believed to have been the son of the consul of 35 ce by the same name (Tac. Ann. 6.31; Cass. Dio 58.25.2). He was appointed suffect consul in 42 ce (CIL VI 2015),1 and was appointed by Nero to be governor of Syria apparently in 63 ce, in place of Cn. Domitius Corbulo (Tac. Ann. 15.25), but certainly by 65.2As part of his position in Syria, he intervened in the situation in Judaea, which was growing increasingly tense during the tenure of the procurator Gessius Florus (64–66 ce), and he ultimately had an ignoble role in the beginnings of the Great Revolt in Judaea against Rome, 66–70 ce (Tac. Hist. 5.10; Joseph. BJ 1.20–21).His first recorded involvement with Judaea was in the spring of 66 ce,3 when he came to Jerusalem during the Jewish festival of Passover. The Jews approached him to denounce Florus’s cruelty (BJ 2.


  • Jewish Studies
  • Roman History and Historiography

Updated in this version

Text expanded to include fuller discussion of Cestius Gallus's career and role in the First Jewish Revolt. Primary Texts section added and Bibliography updated to reflect current research.

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