- Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead
- and R. J. A. Wilson
Aetna (2), the name given to *Catana when *Hieron (1) I settled a colony there. In 461 bce these colonists were expelled, and transferred themselves and the name to Sicel Inessa. *Ducetius captured Inessa-Aetna in 451, but it subsequently became a Syracusan stronghold. *Dionysius (1) I garrisoned it with Campanians whom *Timoleon had difficulty in dislodging. It suffered at *Verres' hands, but continued to be a place of some importance in the early empire, when, as a town on the Catana–*Centuripae road (It. Ant. 93. 6), it served as the starting-point for excursions to the summit of Mt. Etna (Strabo 6. 2. 3; see aetna (1)). Its location has never been satisfactorily identified on the ground. Sites proposed include Poira, Cività (both near Paternò), Paternò itself, and S. Maria di Licodia.