Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Crateuaslocked

  • John Scarborough

Extract

Medical botanist and personal physician of *Mithradates VI of Pontus (120–63 bce), after whom he named mithridatia, the mall, liliaceous Erythronium dens-canis L. (Plin.HN 25. 26. 62). Crateuas composed two or more tracts, known only by fragments: (1) a herbal, title not preserved, which featured coloured drawings of plants accompanied by botanical descriptions and specific instructions for medical employment (ibid. 25. 4. 8); (2) Root Cutting and Gathering (scholia on Nic.Ther. 681a (ed. A. Crugnola, 1971)), a book on the pharmacology of roots and medicinal plants, detailing preparation techniques. Crateuas’ treatises were well known to *Dioscorides (2), whose Materia medica derived some details from Root Cutting and other works, indicated by occasional citations. Perhaps some of the botanical illuminations in the Anicia Juliana manuscript of ce 512 (cod. Vindobonensis med. gr. 1) are based on Crateuas’ drawings, but recent opinion leans against direct borrowing (Riddle, Dioscorides190–1).

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Access to the full content requires a subscription