Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 26 November 2022

Ahura Mazdālocked

Ahura Mazdālocked

  • Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg
  •  and W. F. M. Henkelman


‘Wise Lord’ or ‘Lord Wisdom’, Iranian supreme deity invoked as wise, benevolent god, creator and upholder of Aṣ̌a (truth, righteousness) in the Avesta (Yasna 31.8). In *Achaemenid inscriptions, which rarely mention other gods, he is creator of heaven and earth and protector of kings. By contrast, he occurs among many other gods in the administrative *Persepolis Fortification texts, and received smaller amounts in offerings than the originally Elamite god Humban. Greeks equated him with *Zeus (Hdt. 1. 189). Gk. Ὡρομάζης is first attested in the 4th cent. bce (Pl. Alc. 1. 122a, Arist. in Diog.Laert. 1.8). See religion, persian.


  • Near East

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription