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date: 02 December 2022



  • M. Winterbottom


Divisio, Gk. diairesis, was, in declamation, the teacher's separation of a case into its constituent arguments. The process could be very intricate, as we see in the Diairesis zētēmatōn (‘Division of Questions’) of *Sopater (2) (4th cent. ce?), who for each type of case identifies a variety of subheadings according to a system not unlike that of *Hermogenes (2). In Latin, the sermones of the so-called Minor Declamations (see Declamationes Pseudo-Quintilianeae) are far less formal and detailed; and L. *Annaeus Seneca (1) normally gives the simplest of headings (especially ius and aequitas, the letter and spirit of the law) when he analyses the speeches of his declaimers. Declaimers would not necessarily insert a formal division in their speeches (though they might sketch one in advance: Sen. Controv. 1 pref. 21); if they did, it would naturally follow the narration, as did the partitio in judicial oratory (Quint.


  • Roman Myth and Religion

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