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date: 17 June 2024

Donatus (1), Aeliuslocked

, grammarian

Donatus (1), Aeliuslocked

, grammarian
  • R. A. Kaster


The most influential grammarian of the 4th cent. ce, whose pupils included the future St *Jerome. His two artes (‘treatises’) (ed. L. Holtz (1981), superseding H. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 4. 355–402) attracted many commentators (e.g. *Servius, *Cledonius, *Pompeius) and dominated grammatical learning in Europe until the reemergence of Priscianus in the 12th cent. The Ars minor, intended for beginners, deals with the eight parts of speech in question-and-answer format; the Ars maior is more comprehensive and includes sections on the ‘flaws’ and ‘virtues’ of speech. Donatus also wrote commentaries on *Terence and *Virgil. The extant Terence commentary is only a much abridged version (lacking Heautontimoroumenos) compiled at an unknown date from (probably) two sets of marginal scholia in manuscripts of Terence (ed. P. Wessner, 2 vols. (1902–5): a new edition is needed, see M. D. Reeve, CPhil. 1979, 310 ff.); the original commentary cannot be reconstructed. From the Virgil commentary there survive only the dedicatory epistle, the ‘Life’ of Virgil (drawn from *Suetonius), and the introduction to the Eclogues (ed.


  • Latin Literature

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