- Peter Heather
ExtractAlans, *nomadic pastoralists who lived in the northern *Pontus in the early cents. ce, operating politically in a number of separate subgroups. They often tried to cross the Caucasus—*Arrian, when governor of *Cappadocia, beat off one such attack—but Roman emperors from *Nero onwards fortified the region's western exits against them. In the late 4th cent., the *Huns overran their territory, conquering some groups, and driving others westwards.
- Late Antiquity