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date: 21 March 2023



  • Thomas James Dunbabin,
  • Robert J. Hopper
  •  and Antony Spawforth


The plain of NW *Peloponnese, famed for horse-breeding. In Classical times it was occupied by a people related by race and language to the Aetolians, arriving from the north.There are fairly extensive remains of Mycenaean occupation, with a concentration near and at *Olympia. Notable too is the evidence for Mycenaean cult and habitation at the ‘Dymaean wall’ on the Araxus promontory and the Mycenaean tumulus at Samikon (PECS ‘Elis’; see pylos). In the Catalogue of the Ships (Il. 2. 592) the boundaries of *Nestor's kingdom extend to the *Alpheus (for the problem thus presented and that of the cattle-raid at Il. 11. 670 ff., see Hainsworth, Iliad. Comm). Dark Age (sub-Mycenaean and protogeometric) burials are attested on the site of the later city of Elis; there is a large geometric cemetery near Killini.The Eleans' small neighbours of *.


  • Ancient Geography

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