- Edward Togo Salmon
- and D. W. R. Ridgway
Albanus mons, the Alban hills and more specifically their dominating peak (Monte Cavo, 950m. (3, 115 ft)), 21km. (13 mi.) south-east of Rome. Until c.1150 bce the Albanus mons was an active volcano, discouraging dense population in *Latium; the volcano, however, has been inactive in historical times. On the summit stood the Latin federal sanctuary of Jupiter Latiaris where Roman consuls celebrated the feriae Latinae (Dion. Hal. 4. 49; the antiquity of the festival probably is underestimated). Remains exist, not indeed of the temple, but of the via Triumphalis leading to it; here at least five Roman generals celebrated *ovations after being refused regular *triumphs in Rome (e.g. M. *Claudius Marcellus (1) in 211 bce: Livy 26. 21).