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date: 09 December 2022



  • Herbert Jennings Rose
  •  and John Scheid


Faunus (apparently from the root of favere, ‘kindly one’, a euphemism, although this is debated: cf. Radke, Götter 119 ff., contraK. Latte, Gnomon1954, 18), a god of the forests, was especially connected with the mysterious sounds heard in them, hence his titles (or identification with) Fatuus and Fatuclus (Serv. on Aen. 6. 775), both meaning ‘the speaker’. His dwelling-place, wild forests (silvicola, Verg. Aen. 10. 551), made him a protector of transhumant flocks. His first temple, dedicated on the Tiber island in 193 bce, was built with money from a fine imposed on the pecuarii (‘drovers’) (Liv. 33. 42. 10; 34. 53. 3; anniversary on 13 February, Fasti Viae Principe Amedeo, Inscr. Ital. 13. 2, no. 32). From this time on he was identified with *Pan, to the point that his original traits can no longer be separated from those of the Greek god. ‘Wild’, agrestis (Ov.


  • Roman Myth and Religion

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