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date: 01 December 2022



  • Heinrich von Staden


A physician of the ‘school’ of *Herophilus. The criticisms of Hegetor by *Ap.(8) of Citium (c.90–15 bce?) provide a terminus ante quem. Hegetor shared other Herophileans' keen interest in pulse theory, as Galen (8. 955 Kühn) and Marcellinus (On Pulses, ch. 3) confirm, but among later Herophileans he stands virtually alone in sharing Herophilus' emphasis on the importance of *anatomy. There is, however, no explicit evidence that Hegetor followed Herophilus' example of conducting systematic human dissection. In a fragment from his treatise On Causes (Περὶ αἰτιῶν), preserved by Ap. of Citium, Hegetor criticizes the Empiricists' use of analogy; he suggests that an exact knowledge of the anatomy of the thigh and of its attachment to the socket of the hip-joint, rather than analogies provided by the successful surgical treatment of other kinds of joints, would lead to a clear distinction between treatable and incurable cases of dislocated thigh bones.


  • Science, Technology, and Medicine

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