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date: 30 January 2023



  • Nicholas Purcell


The terrestrial equivalent of *periploi, sequential lists of settlements, way-marks, or posting-stations, often with distances between them. As a genre, they originated with the Roman practice of making an iter, the military expedition into or through hostile territory which underlay the Roman theory of road-building. Thus the area of operation of Roman power could be marked out as a series of measured routes, and these were recorded and evoked very variously, from official monuments (like the Golden Milestone of the Forum in Rome) to souvenir ex voto dedications like the Vicarello cups. The best-preserved written version (in a MS which has also an Itinerarium maritimum) is that usually known as the Antonine Itinerary (Itinerarium provinciarum Antonini Augusti), a probably military document of the late 3rd cent. ce (it has tetrarchic names) which has been of the highest value in the reconstruction of the topography of the Roman road-network; the *Peutinger Table presents similar information in a different form.


  • Ancient Geography
  • Latin Literature

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