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date: 09 December 2022

Ammonlocked

Ammonlocked

  • Alan H. Griffiths

Extract

Ammon (Ἄμμων), *Hellenized name of Amun, the great god of Egyptian *Thebes (2) and chief divinity of the developed Egyptian pantheon; thus naturally identified with *Zeus (so first in Pindar, who composed a hymn to the god and is supposed to have commissioned an image for his temple in (Greek) Thebes (1) from the sculptor *Calamis; Paus. 9. 16. 1). Greek interest, probably mediated through the city of *Cyrene (on whose coins his head is shown from the early 5th cent. with the typical ram's horns) centred on the oracular cult at the oasis of *Siwa, in the Libyan desert; Herodotus assumes its fame, and Plutarch claims consultations by several prominent 5th-cent. Greeks including *Cimon, *Lysander, *Alcibiades, and *Nicias (1). In the 4th cent., in line with the growth of foreign cults, his worship is attested at Athens (where one of the two sacred triremes was renamed ‘Ammonias’ in his honour) and elsewhere in the Greek homeland; but it was above all *Alexander (3) the Great's visit in 331 (Arr.

Subjects

  • Greek Myth and Religion

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