- W. M. Murray
Amphissa, ‘the largest and most famous city of the [western, Ozolian] Locrians’ (Paus. 10. 38. 2; see locris). Its traditional policy being enmity with *Phocis and alliance with *Thebes (1), Amphissa played a leading part in the Third *Sacred War, and was reduced to dependence by *Onomarchus in 353 bce. After the collapse of Phocis, it initiated moves that resulted in the Fourth *Sacred War in which *Philip (1) II of Macedon captured the city and destroyed its walls (338). Amphissa joined in the defence of *Delphi against the Gauls in 279 and thereafter became Aetolian until freed by the Romans in 167. After *Actium (31 bce), the city was inhabited by Aetolian refugees and claimed henceforth to be Aetolian and not Locrian. The ancient city is securely identified with remains at modern Salona.