- D. M. MacDowell
ExtractNautodikai (ναυτοδίκαι) were Athenian magistrates who presided over trials involving men who travelled by sea, either as merchants or as overseas residents (cleruchs; see cleruchy). They are first heard of around 445 bce, when Athenian commercial and imperial success probably increased the number of such trials. They were abolished around 350, when new arrangements for mercantile cases (δίκαι ἐμπορικαί) were established.
- Greek Law