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date: 19 April 2024

Nemealocked

Nemealocked

  • Thomas James Dunbabin
  •  and Antony Spawforth

Extract

Nemea (Νεμέα). (1) Fertile upland valley in the NW Argolid sandwiched between the territories of ancient Phlius and Cleonae; legendary scene of *Heracles' encounter with the lion; site of the Panhellenic sanctuary of *Zeus, its accompanying festival (see nemean games) wandering between here and *Argos (1), where it remained for good from c.50 bce. American excavations have revealed remains of an Archaic heroon (see hero-cult), perhaps for Opheltes, and a 6th-cent. temple; this last was replaced in the late 4th cent. by the temple still partly standing, evidently built to mark the festival's (temporary) return c.330 bce under Macedonian patronage, along with the stadium, baths, and guest-house; a row of nine treasury-like buildings, evidently ‘club-houses’ or leschai for foreign states, dates from the early 5th cent. By the mid-2nd cent. ce the temple was roofless (Paus. 2. 15. 3). A small Christian *basilica of the 5th–6th cents.

Subjects

  • Greek Myth and Religion

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