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date: 17 July 2024


, c. 185–109 bce


, c. 185–109 bce
  • Brad Inwood


Panaetius (c. 185–109 bce), son of Nicagoras; a Stoic philosopher (see stoicism) from *Rhodes. At some point he was made a priest of *Poseidon Hippios at *Lindus. From a noble family, he studied with *Crates (3) of Mallus at *Pergamum and with the leaders of the Stoic school at Athens, *Diogenes (3) of Babylon and his successor *Antipater (2) of Tarsus. He moved to Rome in the 140s and became, like *Polybius (1), part of the entourage of P. *Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus. He accompanied Scipio on a major journey in the eastern Mediterranean (140/139). It is said that he lived alternately in Rome and Athens. In 129 he succeeded Antipater as head of the school. He died in Athens in 109.Panaetius seems to have been more open to the views of *Plato (1) and *Aristotle than were many Stoics, and to have questioned the earlier belief in a periodic world-conflagration.


  • Philosophy

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