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date: 30 March 2023



  • Filippo Ronconi


Private teacher, head of the imperial chancellery, and twice patriarch, Photius was also a prominent politician who was deeply involved in the domestic and foreign policy of the Byzantine Empire and in the religious issues of his time. One of the most distinguished scholars of the 9th century ce (which was characterized by a profound cultural revival, thanks in part to his activities), he was the head of a group of learned and powerful scholars, a collector of books, and a astute reader of ancient texts, for many of which his own works (especially the Library and the Amphilochia) are the only surviving sources.


  • Christianity
  • Late Antiquity

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