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date: 27 November 2022


, Attic orator, c. 480–411 BCE


, Attic orator, c. 480–411 BCE
  • Michael Gagarin


Antiphon (1), of the *deme of *Rhamnus (c.480–411 bce), the first Attic orator whose works were preserved. From a prominent family, he participated in the intellectual movement inspired by the *sophists, taking a particular interest in law and rhetoric; he reportedly taught *Thucydides (2), among others. Many (though not all) scholars are now inclined to identify him with *Antiphon (2) ‘the Sophist’ (Xen. Mem., fragments of whose work Truth are concerned with the nature of justice and the relationship between nomos (‘law, convention’) and phusis (‘nature’).Thucydides (8. 68) praises Antiphon highly for integrity (aretē), intelligence, and power of expression, adding that he stayed in the background himself but made his reputation giving advice to others. He credits Antiphon with planning the oligarchic coup that overturned the democratic constitution of Athens for a few months in 411 bce (see four hundred).


  • Greek Law

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