Greek navigator of *Massalia, author of a lost work ‘About the Ocean’, object of ancient distrust. From *Strabo, *Diodorus (3), and *Pliny (1) mostly we learn that, sailing from *Gades (Cadiz) past Cape Ortegal, the Loire, north-west France, and Uxisame (Ushant), he visited Belerium (Cornwall) and the tin-depot at *Ictis (St Michael's Mount), circumnavigated *Britain, described its inhabitants and climate, reported an island *Thule (Norway or Iceland), sailed perhaps to the Vistula, and reported an estuary (Frisian Bight?) and an island (Heligoland?) abounding in *amber. Pytheas calculated closely the latitude of Massalia and laid bases for cartographic parallels through north France and Britain. See
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