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date: 05 December 2022



  • Edward Togo Salmon
  •  and T. W. Potter


Apennines, Italy's limestone mountain backbone, branch off from the Alps near Genoa (*Genua). At first they are of moderate height (900–1,200 m.; 3,000–4,000 ft.), and run eastwards forming the southern boundary of *Cisalpine Gaul (Northern Apennines); then, near *Ariminum, they turn south-east, follow the line of the Adriatic coast and attain great altitudes - 2,921 m. (9,583 ft.) at the Gran Sasso (Central Apennines); approaching *Lucania they become lower again, swing south and occupy virtually all SW Italy (Southern Apennines: the granite Sila mountains of the Bruttian peninsula (see bruttii), although geologically distinct, are generally reckoned a prolongation of the limestone Apennines. Italy's volcanic mountains, however—*Albanus, *Vesuvius, Vultur—are independent of the Apennine system). The 1,300-km. (800-mi.) Apennine chain is not continuous and unbroken, but consists of tangled mountain masses of varying width, interspersed with numerous upland passes and fertile valleys suitable for agriculture or summer pasturage. Offshoots are numerous, e.g. Apuan Alps (Liguria; see ligurians), Volscian mountains (*Latium); some are completely separated from the main range, e.


  • Ancient Geography

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