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date: 19 April 2024



  • Antony Spawforth


Scythopolis (now Beth–Shean), a Canaanite, then Israelite, city on the right bank of the Jordan, its Greek name of unclear origin. It was conquered by *Antiochus (3) III from the Ptolemies (see Ptolemy (1)); an inscribed dossier reveals his intervention to protect illegal billeting in nearby villages (SEG 41 (1991), 1574; Eng. trans. in S. Sherwin-White and A. Kuhrt (eds.), From Samarkhand to Sardis (1993), 49 f.). Passing to the *Hasmoneans in 107 bce, it was rebuilt by A. *Gabinius (2) (Joseph.AJ 14. 88); in the 2nd cent. ce it was a predominantly Greek garrison-town in Roman *Judaea. Excavations have revealed extensive Roman and Byzantine remains with a colonnaded street laid out as late as ce 522.


  • Jewish Studies
  • Near East

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