- Joyce Reynolds
ExtractAphrodisias (mod. Geyre), was a *Carian city, probably established in the 2nd cent. bce as the political centre of ‘the Plarasans and Aphrodisians’ (Plarasans dropped from the description under Augustus); site of vigorous prehistoric and Archaic communities honouring a mother-goddess, called Aphrodite perhaps from the 3rd cent. bce and later identified with Roman Venus. That identification encouraged a special relationship with Rome and with the family of *Caesar; so Aphrodisias resisted *Mithradates (6) VI in 88 bce and the Liberators after Caesar's death, earning privileges which Rome conferred in 39 bce and confirmed up to the late 3rd cent. ce. The wall-circuit, c.3.5 km. (2.2 mi.) long and containing many inscribed blocks reused, a stadium, and columns have always been visible; excavation has now uncovered civic buildings and much sculpture, which is sometimes distinguished and often technically interesting—see aphrodisias, school of. Intellectual pursuits were prized too—famous Aphrodisians included the novelist *Chariton, the philosophers *Adrastus (2) and *Alexander (14), and, in the late 5th cent.
- Ancient Geography