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date: 01 December 2022



  • G. J. Toomer


Apollinarius, astronomer (fl. ?1st cent. ce). From references in *Galen, *Vettius Valens, and others, he appears to have been one of the most important figures in Greek *astronomy between *Hipparchus (3) and *Ptolemy (4). He constructed lunar tables, based on the 248-day period used by the Babylonian astronomers, which became standard in Greek astronomy until superseded by Ptolemy's. A long quotation from a theoretical work is preserved in an astrological compilation, and treatises by him on solar *eclipses and *astrology are also cited.


  • Science, Technology, and Medicine

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