Apollodorus (7), of *Damascus, building-expert (architektōn) to whom are attributed the *forum Traiani and baths of *Trajan (Cass. Dio 69. 4: he may therefore be responsible for *Trajan's Column) and Trajan's bridge over the *Danuvius (Procop. Aed. 4. 6. 13). He is said to have disagreed with *Hadrian, having mocked his innovative architectural interest in ‘pumpkins’—the complex vaulted structures that were to be so characteristic of the imperial villa at *Tibur—and to have been banished and later killed for criticizing the emperor's temple of Venus and Rome. His is one of the few names associated with imperial building-projects, but the scope of his expertise in design, engineering, management, and planning is not precisely recoverable, and like *Vitruvius he seems to have had a background in military machinery, on which he wrote a treatise.Less
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