- Max Cary
- and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond
ExtractApollonia, the name of several Greek cities (IACP nos.13, 77, 545, 627, 682). The chief of these was in Illyria (IACP no. 77), founded c.600 bce where the river Aous enters the coastal plain, with relatively easy communications across the Balkan range. It was founded as a Corinthian colony (see corinth; colonization, greek) by 200 settlers (Steph. Byz.) and grew rapidly in size and prosperity, until it was able to destroy one of its neighbours, Thronium, by the middle of the 5th cent. In the Hellenistic period its strategic position and its wealth attracted the Macedonian, Molossian, and Illyrian kings and also *Corcyra. It joined Rome in 229 bce, was treated as a *free city and prospered greatly as the main base of Roman armies in the wars against Macedon. After 146 it was one of the terminal points of the *via Egnatia, and it was *Caesar's headquarters in the campaign of Dyrrhachium (48).
- Ancient Geography