- Michael H. Jameson
Troezen, a city-state at the eastern end of the Argolic peninsula (see argos(1)). The town (Geometric to early Byzantine) lay inland from the large anchorage, Pogon, where the Greek fleet assembled in 480 bce (see salamis, battle of). Though Doric in dialect (see dialects, greek), it had links through myth and cult with Athens (see theseus) and gave refuge to Athenians during *Xerxes' invasion (see persian wars). Athens attacked and at times occupied Troezen in the First and Second *Peloponnesian Wars. Thereafter it was in the Spartan alliance and, later, the *Achaean Confederacy. Extramural sanctuaries have been excavated.
- Greek Myth and Religion