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date: 01 December 2022



  • Irad Malkin


Denoting genealogical origins, political beginnings, and leadership, archēgetēs was a cult-title of heroic progenitors of families or tribes (Ath. pol. 21. 6; see hero-cult), and of heroized city-*founders (Battos: LSCG 115, l. 22; Euphron: Xen. Hell. 7. 3. 12). Named or anonymous tutelary hero-archēgetai protected entire lands (Plut. Aristides 11. 3; Paus. 10. 4. 10). *Apollo, the political god sanctioning and sharing in city foundation, was universally worshipped as archēgetēs, e.g. in Sicily (Thuc. 6. 3. 1: at *Naxos (2), by both Dorians and Ionians). At Sparta (and Thera? IG 12. 3. 762) archēgetai probably signified ‘kings’ (Plut. Lyc. 6). Cf. cineas (1).


  • Greek Myth and Religion

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