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date: 01 December 2020

vigintisexviri, vigintivirilocked

  • Nicholas Purcell

Extract

Six boards of minor magistrates at Rome were known by the collective designation vigintisexviri (the Twenty-Six) in the late republic: membership was a precursor to the quaestorship and the beginning of a senatorial career (Cic. Leg. TulliusDe leg. 3. 3. 6; the collective title is attested in inscriptions); see cursus honorum. The label may be late, even post-Sullan (i.e. after about 80 bce, see cornelius sulla felix, l.), but the administrative theory involved is probably of the 3rd cent., the date attributed to the creation of all the boards by Sex. *Pomponius (Digest 1. 2. 2. 31). The most important board, the judicial *decemviri stlitibus iudicandis, may have much earlier origins (Livy, 3. 55 suggests the existence of a ten-man panel of iudices in the 5th cent.), and the practice of sending praefecti (see praefectus) to *Campania, if not the developed institution of the four praefecti Capuam Cumas, may have begun in 318 bce (Livy, 9.

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