- A. Schachter
ExtractThe main cult of the polis of *Argos (1) was that of *Hera (already ‘Argive’ in Homer, Il. 4. 8 = 5.908), based c. 10 km. (6 mi.) north-east of the city across the Argive plain, between *Mycenae and *Tiryns. Argive ownership of this *Heraion—emphasized by an annual festival which began with a procession from the city across the plain to the sanctuary—symbolized the state's control of the territory between the two points (de Polignac, see bibliog.).At the NW corner of Argive territory was Nemea, sacred to *Zeus and the original site of the *Nemean Games. Control of this sanctuary, originally belonging to Cleonae, passed to Argos in the 5th cent. bce. In the border area with Arcadia were a number of limitary sanctuaries of *Artemis. In the Argive countryside were several sanctuaries of *Demeter, and the grove of the eponymous hero *Argus (1).
- Greek Myth and Religion