- Richard Seaford
Arion (2), a citharode from *Methymna in Lesbos, spent most of his life at the court of the Corinthian tyrant *Periander, who ruled from about 625 to 585 bce. He was said to have been thrown overboard while returning from a profitable visit to Italy and Sicily, but to have returned to *Corinth after being taken by a dolphin to *Taenarum (1) (Hdt. 1. 23–4). He seems to have transformed the *dithyramb from an improvised processional song into a formal stationary one (Suda, entry under Ἀρίων; Hdt. 1. 23). This may have been regarded, perhaps rightly, as a step towards the creation of tragedy, which was itself attributed to Arion in the Suda and perhaps even by *Solon (fr. 30a West). Nothing survives of his work, and a piece attributed to him by Aelian (NA 12. 45) is spurious.
- Greek Literature