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date: 09 December 2022

Aristomenes(1)locked

, traditional Messenian hero

Aristomenes(1)locked

, traditional Messenian hero
  • Paul Cartledge

Extract

Aristomenes (1), a traditional hero of *Messenian resistance to Sparta, usually assigned to the Second Messenian War of c.650 bce but sometimes associated with a possible Messenian revolt of c.490 (‘the *Rhianus hypothesis’). He is supposed to have won a major victory at Stenyclarus, but was defeated in the battle of ‘The Great Trench’. For eleven years he held out in the stronghold of Eira (or Hira), twice escaping after capture. His legend was a central ingredient of nostalgic Messenian patriotic myth, which was given literary expression—or invented—after the (re)foundation of *Messene in 369.

Subjects

  • Greek Myth and Religion

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