Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 09 December 2022


, traditional Messenian hero


, traditional Messenian hero
  • Paul Cartledge


Aristomenes (1), a traditional hero of *Messenian resistance to Sparta, usually assigned to the Second Messenian War of c.650 bce but sometimes associated with a possible Messenian revolt of c.490 (‘the *Rhianus hypothesis’). He is supposed to have won a major victory at Stenyclarus, but was defeated in the battle of ‘The Great Trench’. For eleven years he held out in the stronghold of Eira (or Hira), twice escaping after capture. His legend was a central ingredient of nostalgic Messenian patriotic myth, which was given literary expression—or invented—after the (re)foundation of *Messene in 369.


  • Greek Myth and Religion

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription