- R. M. Errington
ExtractMass assemblies are known from Macedonia under the monarchy only in times of crisis; since Macedonian crises were usually directly military or connected with a military operation, those assembling were soldiers or soldiers and camp-followers, who were asked to support a decision already taken by the king or (if the king was dead) by leading barons and officers. There is no ancient evidence for an assembly ever having met at regular intervals, either in peacetime or in war. Reported meetings are always ad hoc and reflect a temporary weakness of the leading persons (whether the king or other leaders) caused by extreme circumstances which momentarily created an unusual level of dependence on the army by the leade (s), and necessitated the acquisition of practical support for an unusual, difficult, or even dangerous decision by those immediately affected by it. Modern historians writing about Macedonia have often been dissatisfied with merely describing the subtle and unsystematic workings of this state dominated by its kings and barons, who, however, were in practice dependent on maintaining the support of the army for their extravagant military operations. Some have tried to explain what they found by extrapolating from the loosely structured play of political forces which the sources report a more developed, more civilized, and more systematic assembly system. Picking up tiny hints from writers of the Roman empire, who were either interpreting a particular political situation in Roman terms for their Roman readers (e.g. Q.
- Greek Law