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Andrew F. Stewart

Retrospective styles in sculpture. At various times, each of the three main Greek sculptural styles, the Archaic, the Classical, and the Hellenistic Baroque, was revived by both Greeks and Romans, for a variety of reasons and in a variety of contexts (see classicism; cf. the linguistic phenomenon of archaism in latin).1. Archaizing and archaistic sculpture. ‘Mannered’ or ‘archaizing’ traits occasionally appear in late Archaic sculpture, and ‘lingering Archaic’ is a persistent phenomenon of the 5th cent. bce. By c.400, however, both the archaizing and completely archaistic styles are fully established. Examples of the former are the Hermes Propylaeus and Hecate Epipyrgidia of *Phidias' pupil *Alcamenes, dated c.420. The Hermes grafts an ‘Archaic’ coiffure on to a classical physiognomy, and the Hecate wears ‘Archaic’ step-fold drapery. Both stood on the Acropolis, and use the style to convey an aura of ancient sanctity. Fully ‘archaic’ cult statues appear in pedimental sculpture (the Sack of Troy) at the Argive *Heraion (see argos (1)) and *Epidaurusc.